Eric Boeda
Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défence

Professor at the Department of Ethnology and Prehistory of the Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défence, E.B. is Member of the National University Congress, Graduate of the Humboldt Foundation and Member of University Institut of France. He is a well known researcher with interests on Palaeolithic archaeology and the development of Neanderthal technology. He had lead research programs and explorations in Algeria, Ukraine, Mali, Syria, Brasil and China. His prominent research achievements include the 1996 Nature paper where bitumen was shown to be in use as a hafting material well into the Middle Palaeolithic by Neanderthals.



Edoardo Boncinelli

University Vita-Salute and Santa Chiara Graduate School


Professor of Biology and Genetics at the University Vita-Salute, Milan . After initial studies in physics, E.B. developed an interest for genetics and developmental biology. His studies, following the early recognition of the importance of regulatory genes in vertebrates as well as Drosophila, focus on the characterization of the Hox gene family and his role in the definition of major body axes during development and the formation of the brain and cerebral cortex. He is also a prolific author of books that range from scientific divulgation, the study of mind and higher mental function, to current themes in science and society.



Samuel Bowles

University of Siena and Santa Fe Institute


Research Porfessor at the Santa Fe Institute, S.B. studies how cultural evolution have challenged the conventional economic assumption that people are motivated entirely by self-interest. His studies have included the mathematical modelling, agent-based computer simlation and behavioral experiments in 15 hunter-gather and other small-scale societies. S.B.'s current research also includes both theoretical and empirical studies of the role of incomplete contracts in labor and financial markets in explaining income inequality. In his major work A cooperative species: Human reciprocity and evolution, co-authored by Hebert Gintis, he seeks to explain why humans, unlike other animals, engage in extensive forms of cooperation among large numbers of unrelated individuals.



Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza

Stanford University


Genticist, anthropologist, L.L.C-S. pioneered the application of human genetics and molecular markers to the study of human migrations. He started complementing early archaeological evidence for neolithic cultures and migrations with data from the distribution of blood groups and other molecular markers to develop an initial organic view of the peopling of the Earth and the formation of modern mixed societies. He also included in his research program observations from linguistics and historical data on marriages from in Church records. As a leading opinion maker in the field, he argued against the misuse of the concept of race in human, as not supported by genetics. He opened to the new field of cultural anthropology, using models from population genetics to investigate the transmission of culturally transmitted units . Author of The History and Geography of Human Genes and Geni, Popoli e Lingue.



Marcus W. Feldman
Stanford University

Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford, MWF studies the evolution of complex genetic systems that can undergo both natural selection and recombination, the evolution of learning, the interaction of biological and cultural evolution such as the spread of food plant domestication across Europe and the transmission of learned behaviors in contemporary groups. Progress in these areas is yielding insight into problems ranging from the origin and control of genetic systems to the medical control of diseases. Furthermore, MWF focussed on the mathematical and statistical analysis of molecular evolution, particularly microsatellite polymorphism.


Michael T. Ghiselin

California Academy of Sciences and Santa Chiara Chair in Bioeconomics, University of Siena


Biologist, philosopher, historian, M.T.G. began his professional career as a comparative anatomist, studying reproductive systems and phylogeny of opistobranch gastropods. His interests in turn led him into in the fundamental principles of systematics and the history and philosophy of biology, focussing on the basic units in biology and their role in evolutionary thinking. Impressed early by the contributions of Darwin, he started to develop a theory explaining the kind of sex changes that occur in some coral reef fishes and other organisms, leading to the development of the so-called sex-allocation theory . Lately he has done much work in an attempt to synthesize the two disciplines of biology and economics, as two aspects on the same branch of knowledge.



Janusz Kozlowski
Jagellonian University

Professor in the Institute of Archaeology, JK is a world expert in Neolithic archaeology. He has been teaching Neolithic Archaeology and History of Art in numerous Universities in Europe. Member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, has been vice president of the International Council of Philosophy and Human Sciences of the UNESCO. In the last 40 years JK has conducted field work in Egypt, Greece, Middle Eastern and Central Europe, with ongoing projects in open air early neolithic sites in Eastern Slovakia and North Eastern Hungary and a mesolithic/neolithic interface in Sarakenos Cave Beotia, Greece. His most recent research interests include: correlations and interactions of the settlement systems in the Western Carpathians in the stone age, middle/upper
palaeolithic transition in the Middle Danube basin and prehistoric population dynamics and the roots of socio-cultural diversity.
He is author of more than twenty scholarly books.




Ugo Pagano
University of Siena and Santa Chiara Graduate School

Ugo Pagano is Director of the PhD in Economics at the University of Siena and President of Scuola Superiore S. Chiara. He is also Affiliated Researcher of CNR and Recurrent Visiting Professor at the Central European University. After obtaining his PhD at the University of Cambridge, he was there University Lecturer and a Fellow of Pembroke College. Coordinator of numerous national research programs participates to various international projects, including one funded by the European Science Foundation. He was a founding editor of the Journal of Institutional Economics, a President of the Italian Association of Comparative Economic Systems and Research Chief Coordinator of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy. He was awarded the Kapp Prize and has been invited as keynote speaker at numerous international conferences.  His research interests include institutional economics, welfare economics, law and economics, bioeconomics and the history and the methodology of social sciences.



Telmo Pievani
University Milan Bicocca

Researcher in the field of Philosophy of Biology and Theory of Evolution, after doctoral researches in the USA with Niles Eldredge, T.P. is now Associate Professor in Philosophy of Science at the University of Milan Bicocca. He is author of successful books such as Homo sapiens and Other Catastrophes, Introduction to Philosophy of Biology and The Theory of Evolution. He is the Scientific Coordinator of the Genoa Science Festival and co-Director of the Rome Festival of Sciences. He is Director of the web-site Pikaia and member of the editorial board of International journals. Involved in several International research projects about the theory of evolution, he edited the Italian editions of Stephen J. Gould, Sean Carroll, Richard Dawkins, Niles Eldredge, Stuart Kauffman, Ian Tattersall, Susan Oyama, Kim Sterelny, Edward O. Wilson's and Charles Darwin.


Giuseppe Rotilio
University of Tor Vergata and San Raffaele Research Hospital

Professor of Biochemistry and Nutrition at the Department of Biology. After his M. D. Degree, his earliest interests were in structural biology and led him to study molecular spectroscopy of metalloproteins by post-doctoral work at the Universities of Michigan Ann Arbor, and Wisconsin, Madison. He became a major international expert of copper enzymes and contributed to discovery and characterization of superoxide dismutase in the early 70's. This expertise led him to the field of radicals in biology, where his scientific activity is continuing up to date with contributions in the areas of apoptosis and neurodegeneration. From the mid 90's, he is interested in nutrition with special focus on redox regulation of metabolism and recently on biochemical determinants of human evolution. Author of  “Proteine” and “In carne ed ossa, DNA, cibo e cultura dell'uomo preistorico”.

Robert Eric Rowthorn
University of Cambridge

RER is Professor of Economics at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of the King's college. His research interests focus in unemployment and inequality, economic growth, and economics of the family. He is the author of a number of books and academic articles on economic growth, structural change and employment.  He has been a consultant to the International Monetary Fund, the UN Commission on Trade and Development and the International Labour Organisation, as well as to British government departments and a variety of private sector firms and organisations. He gave written and verbal evidence to the recent House of Lords inquiry into the economic impacts of immigration.  He has also written about ethical aspects of migration policy. RER's current work focuses on the optimal control of epidemics in a meta-population model of disease and the evolution of preferences.